Sistan‐Baluchestan; a natural paradise in SoutheasternIran
Sistan and baluchestan is one of the most unknown regions of Iran with an
undiscovered nature which is the habitant of rare animals and plants Sistan‐
Baluchestan is located in the east and southeast of Iran. It is Iran’s vastest province
this region has special significance in the area because of it being located in a
strategic transit location; especially Chabahar which is the only city in contact with
the ocean also has the easiest access route to the middle Asian countries through
To its east are the borders of Afghanistan and Pakistan. The city of Zahedan is the
capital of Sistan‐Baluchesta which is also connected to Mirjaveh of Pakistan
through the railroad. This province has unparalleled natural and cultural attractions
along with historical heritages, hosted by warm and welcoming locals. Chabahar
port has also added to its beauty. Shahre Sukhteh, listed at UNESCO World Heritage
In the past when human beings practicing sedentary life, the city that
archeologists considered as the world’s first city in terms of largest urban texture,
intelligent civilization in the east is shahre sukhte.
Shahr‐e Sukhteh (literally translated as the Burned City) is the remaining of an
ancient city. In the 38th convention of UNESCO on June 22, 2014, Shahr‐e Sukhte
was registered in UNESCO World Heritage.
It is a vast archaeological site (151 hectares) made by mud bricks on the bank of
the Helmand river, between Zahedan and Zabol cities, situated at South East Iran
inside Sistan & Baluchestan. It dates back to the Bronze Age Iranians lived in this
city about 6000 years ago (from 3200 to 1800 BC). Based on discoveries, the Shahre
Sukhte (Burned City) was the most important city at its time. In fact, it was the
capital of the district during the Bronze Age. There were four stages of civilization
living there. Before it was abandoned, the city had been burned down three times.
Cultural Importance of Shahr‐e Sukhte
Culturally, it has been a rich city associated with Jiroft culture. In other words, this
ancient site has been a human settlement independent of ancient Mesopotamia.
Several discoveries have contributed to the fact that Shahr‐e‐ Sukhte must have
had a particularly remarkable culture.
In addition, the culture beyond some of the practices and discoveries (like artificial
eyeball, brain surgery, ruler, backgammon, etc) are all indicative of a rich culture
prevailing in this human settlement of the Bronze Age in South East of Iran.
In the upper Sukhteh Valley, to the southwest of Nik Shahr is the ruins of a
structure reputedly known as ‘Chehel Dokhtaran’. Which is a beautiful historical
minaret may be related to the minarets of ‘Sar‐o‐Tar’ and ‘Chehel Borj’
Saam Castle, Zahedan is located within a distance of 28 km. in Zahedan and its
structure is in the form of an irregular trapezium. This castle has two entrances,
one to the north, and the other to the south with a watchtower. This relic belongs
to the “Parth” period and has been made of sun‐baked bricks. The said structure
has 36 watchtowers, 9 of which stand in each corner of the castle, and 28
watchtowers surround the structure itself.
The lut desert “dasht‐e lut”
The Lut Desert protects a globally‐recognized iconic hot desert landscape, one of
the hottest places on earth. It is renowned for its spectacular series of landforms
The Lut Desert has been put on the United Nations list three years ago and is
capable of flourishing as a major Iranian tourist resort. In the Persian language ‘Lut’ refers to bare land without plants, Iran’s Lut desert is home to the hottest spot
recorded on the earth’s surface according to NASA’s satellite data of land
surface temperature. 70.7°C was recorded there in 2005 and the Lut has taken the
hottest top spot on several annual occasions since then.
The forgotten corner of Iran, also the most remote destination of the country. Chabahar is a humid city considered the warmest place in Iran during the winter
and the coolest port in southern Iran during the summer. Because of the Mild
spring climate, The monsoon winds from the Indian subcontinent (in summer)
make Chabahar the coolest southern port in the summer and the warmest part of
Iran in the winter. For this motive it is called Chabahar, which in Persian means
‘’four springs”, which indicated the fact that the climate is all year long similar to
To start, Oman Sea is an amazing spot for doing water sports, go scuba diving,
surfing, or just enjoy the Chabahar Bay sunrise and sunset at the sea. There are
stunning places like Pink Lake, bazaars with a Pakistani and Indian atmosphere,
traditional teahouses also, let’s not forget about the friendliest locals in the world.
Other places to visit which have surrounded Chabahar are: Raamin village with a
magnificent rocky coast, Lipar Lagoon the breathtaking pink lake, The Grand
mosque, Botanical Garden, The mud volcanos, The ancient Banmasity Caves, the
Portuguese Fortress in Tis and the port village itself are all places to visit whenever
The site that will amaze every traveler is strange colored exotic looking mountains,
which are famous as the Martian Mountains which are located on the route from
Chabahar towards the Hara Forest and Pakistan. In addition, Mud volcanoes in
Chabahar are stunning, rare and exquisite natural geological attractions that have
the potential and advantages of becoming a world monument as the second geopark
in the Middle East. This mud in the north of Kahir‐Tonog Road in Sistan and
Baluchestan which is the greatest and most famous active mud volcano mountain
Luminous beaches of chabahar is one of the most famous sites in Iran located in
Chabahar. It is similar to Vaadhoo Island in Maldives. This phenomenon occurs
during night, it’s seems like there are thousands of blue diamonds in the water.
These bright, blue spots are actually bacteria, planktons, and snails living in that
region and they make the area suitable for photography and attracts sizable
amount of tourists.
The Hara Forest is also famous for the Iranian crocodile! They are called Gando.
Chabahar is one of the areas of the country that is full of unimitable and unique
natural and historical attractions. Also there is a farm in Chabahar which grows
Gandos and the chances of actually seeing a Gando there is much higher.
The Lipar Lake also known as Pink Lake is a unique one located in the strait on the
way of Chabahar beach road to Govatr Gulf and 20 km east of Chabahar. Due to
the types of algae, planktons, microbes and some mineral materials in the lake, its
surface seems pink. The most important creatures which have caused the lake to
be pink are Planktons. There are many lakes all around the world but Colored Lakes
and Pink Lake are very scarce and special and it is interesting to mention that this
lake is pink naturally not due to the toxicity. Shrubs, bushes, and birds like
flamingos, pelicans, white and gray hawks are also seen around the lake, so that
created a virginal and marvelous region with a special ecosystem. It is a unique
wetland and one of the areas where it can be visited all year.
Darak, a village in the Zarabad county of Konarak city (near Chabahar in Sistan and
Balouchestan Province), is located where the Sea of Oman reaches the Indian
Ocean is where the ocean meets the desert. The hills and palm trees on the beach
create lovely scenes. There are very few such beaches around the world. Darak in
local language means settling along the sea. It is where the burning sands nestle in
the arms of the free waters. The village is a potential touristic site, which enjoys all
three types of the cliff, sandy and coral beaches in the vicinity. In the coastline, the
waters of the Oman gulf and the Indian Ocean collide. The perceived coastlines of
the sands and palm trees create wonderful scenes. Darak has a pristine shoreline.
It is known for its extraordinary beaches. However, fortunately, or unfortunately,
this tourist potential has never been exploited and no tourist development has
been realized. It is a site for those who are looking for the authenticity and charm
of this unspoiled coastline. The sand dunes and the extended coast are a good
combination for cycling enthusiasts. Roads in this region are also suitable for
motorized leisure activities, including off‐road.
Darak is a rather green, and one wonders how the palms grew on this hot desert
coast. This is another oddity of the village: this place nestled near the sea and
located in a hot and dry area has fresh water, just a few tens of meters from the
sea. fresh water exists less than two meters deep.